Guidelines and Requirements

  • For Authors
  • For Reviewers
  • For Rating Journals

The manuscript must be ANONYMOUS, and should NOT mention any author anywhere.

The manuscript must be in a .docx file, compatible with Microsoft word version 2007 and later.

The manuscript file should NOT include the abstract or keywords. The first page starts with the title of the paper followed by the first section (e.g. Introduction).

The manuscript file should NOT contain any acknowledgment and information about funding. Adding acknowledgments and funding will be possible before final publication.

The manuscript file must not be more than 50 pages in total from the introduction (page 1) to the end of the references, which are after the appendices. While it is the maximum limit, shorter manuscripts (fewer than 20 pages) are strongly preferred and are reviewed faster.

Pages should not be numbered. Do not add anything in the header of the pages. Tables and figures should be numbered and placed within the content near where they are cited.

The text should have 1.5 line space and be left-justified; use Times New Roman (or Georgia) 18 point font for the title of each section and size 11 for the body text; and have a one-inch margin (normal).

In-text citations should (mostly) follow the Harvard referencing style (authors’ last names, year), but unlike the Harvard style, the citation should include the month of the year (Norta, 2017 Dec) to cite the works of the same author in the same year.

References can follow the IEEE or Harvard referencing style, but it is highly recommended to use the PaperScore referencing style wherein the references are sorted in chronological order (starting with the oldest), and each reference follows this format:

Year, Authors’ full names separated by ampersand, “Title,” Source [, Optional Information].

Source is the name of the journal, conference, or book. No other information (publisher, volume, issue, track, page…) is needed as long as each reference can be found uniquely with search engines. Here is an example of PaperScore style references:


  • 2011, Daniel Kahneman, “20. The Illusion of Validity,” Thinking, Fast and Slow, Farrar, Straus and Giroux publications.
  • 2012, Hamed Khaledi & Mohammad Reisi-Nafchi, “Dynamic Production Planning Model: A Dynamic Programming Approach,”  International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology. 
  • 2017 (May), Alex Norta & Anton Vedeshin & Hando Rand & Simon Tobies & Addi Rull & Margus Poola & Teddi Rull, “Self-Aware Agent-Supported Contract Management on Blockchains for Legal Accountability,” All Crypto Whitepapers.
  • 2017 (Dec), Alex Norta, “Designing a Smart-Contract Application Layer for Transacting Decentralized Autonomous Organization,”  Int. Conference on Advances in Computing and Data Sciences. 
  • 2017, Nguyen H. Thuan & P. Antunes & D. Johnstone, “A Process Model for Establishing Business Process Crowdsourcing,” Australasian Journal of Information Systems. 
  • 2018, Hamed Khaledi, “E-Constitutions: Conceptualization, Theory, Design Model and Experimental Evaluations,” Ph.D. Dissertation at Michigan State University, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing. 
  • 2018, Qi Deng & Shaobo Ji, “A Review of Design Science Research in Information Systems: Concepts, Process, Outcome, and Evaluation,” Pacific Asia J. of the Association for Information Systems. 
  • 2019, Daron Acemoglu & James Robinson, “9. Devil in the Details,” The Narrow Corridor: States, Societies, and the Fate of Liberty, Penguin Books.