Interdisciplinary Collaboration In Research
In scientific research, interdisciplinary collaboration means interaction between different fields of science. The main goal of this type of research collaboration is to integrate diverse knowledge for more accurate results. In addition, in today's complex world, many challenges cannot be solved within the confines of a single discipline. When experts from different fields come together, they often generate novel ideas and methods that can solve complex challenges. One of the fields where such collaborations play a crucial role is image processing.
In the field of image processing, interdisciplinary collaboration can have a positive effect. For example, a software engineer may excel in developing advanced image processing algorithms but requires specialized knowledge in the medical field to interpret medical images correctly. Interdisciplinary shows that by combining different knowledge and expertise, it is possible to improve the processing of medical images, which ultimately benefits patients. In this article, we focus on the impact of these kinds of collaborations on the improvement of image processing results as well as the existing challenges.
Different Fields' Perspectives
Interdisciplinary collaboration in research thrives on the synergy of experts and professionals who bring their knowledge and expertise to the table. In the image processing field, different scientists play a crucial role in advancing the field, collectively using their skills to create innovation and solve complex problems.
Among these experts are computer vision specialists who craft sophisticated algorithms capable of identifying and categorizing objects within images. A notable example of their work is the development of algorithms for self-driving cars, enabling these vehicles to effectively detect pedestrians and obstacles (Walambe et al., 2021).
Collaborating closely with computer vision experts, biomedical engineers contribute their unique perspective. Together, they unveil hidden anomalies within medical images, automatically bringing these imperceptible irregularities to light (Schroeder et al., 2021). This partnership not only aids in image analysis but also leads to the creation of artificial intelligence algorithms and software that empower medical professionals to gain deeper insights into complex medical images.
Furthermore, machine learning and artificial intelligence researchers drive the development of AI-driven solutions that transcend image processing. Their innovations enhance the diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases, shedding new light on the intricacies of the human mind (Hilger et al., 2020). For example, researchers have developed artificial intelligence-based methods that analyze brain scans, recognize features of Alzheimer's with more than 90 percent accuracy, and potentially help identify genes associated with the disease.
Integrating artificial intelligence, genomics, and brain imaging could lead to the identification of biomarkers, aiding treatments, and risk prediction models for Alzheimer's, potentially applicable to other diseases with brain imaging manifestations (Kozlov, 2023). Another example of using artificial intelligence in medicine is that we can segment the Spinal Cord Area in C1-C2 and C3 segments of the spine to assess its relationship with other clinical findings of the patients (Figure 1).
Figure1. Spine Segmentation C1-C2 and C3 in sagittal coronal and axial view
Remote sensing scientists contribute their expertise in acquiring and interpreting images from remote sources, such as satellites. They play a critical role in fields like environmental monitoring and disaster management, leveraging their skills to analyze remote data.
Robotic vision specialists are at the forefront of enabling robots and automation systems to understand and navigate their environments using visual information. Their applications extend to diverse sectors, including manufacturing, agriculture, and healthcare. Graphic and multimedia designers work on the aesthetics and user-friendliness of image processing software, ensuring that the tools are not only powerful but also visually appealing and accessible.
Forensic image analysts lend their proficiency to the legal and investigative realm, where their skills in image analysis aid in criminal investigations and forensic science. Satellite image scientists process Earth's changes for environmental and geospatial insights.
Lastly, researchers in Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) focus on optimizing the interaction between humans and technology. Their insights are instrumental in designing user-friendly image processing systems, ensuring that these technologies are efficient and easy to use. This diverse array of professionals, with their collective knowledge and skills, work in harmony to advance the field of image processing. More accurate diagnosis, timely interventions, innovation, and a deeper understanding of the inherent complexities of images are enhanced by interdisciplinary approaches.
Despite the benefits of interdisciplinary approaches in improving the quality of research, differences in perspectives and methods can create challenges. Effective communication and a shared commitment to the common goal are essential to overcome these obstacles and continue pushing the boundaries of image processing.
Navigating Interdisciplinary Challenges in Image Processing
The gap between experts involved in image processing is similar, with individuals attempting to communicate from different worlds. For example, in the collaboration between physicians and non-medical specialists, some physicians focus on accurately diagnosing and treating neurological diseases using their expertise and patient experience. They understand the link between images and the patient's symptoms.
On the other hand, some non-medical specialists focus on developing advanced algorithms and technologies for processing and interpreting these images. Effective communication and teamwork are required to establish a common language that both can understand. Another challenge is that physicians often have less free time compared to technologists, and this difference leads to discrepancies and friction between them.
To solve this problem, many meetings can be conducted online, making coordination easier and saving time. Finally, the main issue is patient privacy. Patients should not be considered solely as analyzable data. In this regard, disagreements may arise between physicians and technology experts. Establishing common rules that align with research ethical principles can effectively resolve this concern. Thus, while interdisciplinary projects have great potential, they also present challenges that can be overcome through teamwork and building trust among groups.
When experts from different fields collaborate on interdisciplinary projects, research hypotheses emerge that none of the groups could have discovered on their own. In fact, in such projects, researchers combine their skills to achieve better results. Despite the challenges, the potential benefits of interdisciplinary collaboration are enormous. Effective teamwork, open communication, and trust-building among diverse groups can help address these challenges and promote interdisciplinary projects within this field.
2016, Oula Puonti &, Juan Eugenio Iglesias & Koen Van Leemput, “ Fast and sequence-adaptive whole-brain segmentation using parametric Bayesian modeling.” NeuroImage.
2020, Kirsten Hilger & Makoto Fukushima & Olaf Sporns & Christian J. Fiebach,“ Temporal stability of functional brain modules associated with human intelligence,” Human brain mapping.
2021, A. Schroeder & G. Van Stavern & H.L.P. Orlowski & L. Stunkel & M.S. Parsons & L. Rhea and A. Sharma, “ Detection of optic neuritis on routine brain MRI without and with the assistance of an image postprocessing algorithm,” American Journal of Neuroradiology.
2021, Rahee Walambe & Aboli Marathe & Ketan Kotecha & George Ghinea,“ Lightweight object detection ensemble framework for autonomous vehicles in challenging weather conditions,” Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience.
2023, Max Kozlov, “AI that reads brain scans shows promise for finding Alzheimer's genes,” Nature.